Antidepressant Birth Defects
Antidepressant medications are called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI). SSRI drugs are prescribed for the treatment of anxiety disorders, depression, panic attacks, postpartum depression (PPD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, SSRI medications have been linked to birth defects in infants whose mothers took an SSRI drug while pregnant. Life altering effects in these children may lead to several surgeries and expensive special care.
The most popular names of SSRI medications prescribed are Celexa® (Citalopram), Cymbalta® (Duloxetine), Effexor® (Venlafaxine), Lexapro® (Ecitalopram), Luvox® (Fluvoxamine), Paxil® (Paroxetine), Prozac® (Fluoxetine), Remeron® (Mirtazapine), Symbyax® (Olanzapine), Wellbutrin® (Bupropion), Zoloft® (Sertraline), and Zyban® (Bupropion). Birth defects associated with SSRI use during pregnancy includes: spina bifida; heart defects; hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS); craniosynostosis, tetralogy of fallot (TOF); coarctation of the aorta; and transposition of the great arteries (TGA).